Healthy women are imperative for creating a healthy society. As she gets through several physiological changes in her body right from her puberty till menopause, she has to take care of her health with utmost attention. Even after the menopause, cessation of reproductive hormones annoys her health both physically and mentally. What can a woman do to avoid these problems? Here are some suggestions you can follow:
Maintain body weight
Overweight or underweight, both troubles the rhythm of menstrual cycle. Equally they may create irregular and scanty bleeding or frequent and heavy bleeding. Maintaining the body weight which is appropriate to the height and the age keeps most the menstrual problems away. Eating healthy food rich in fiber content, drinking lots of water and avoiding frozen foods can keep your weight under control and also helps to reduce pain during menstruation.
Essential Things a Woman Should Do
Pelvic floor forms the base of pelvis composed of muscle fibers and connective tissue. It supports the organs of pelvic girdle such as uterus, urinary bladder and intestines. Healthy and firm pelvic floor is essential to control urinary and anal sphincters voluntarily. Lifting heavy weight, strenuous exercises, frequent childbirth and constipation weakens the pelvic floor muscles and creates problems like urinary incontinence, prolapse of uterus or rectum. Including Kegels exercise in your daily routine may provide firmness to your pelvic floor.
Exercise every day
Since the hormonal secretions are driven by the brain, emotional stresses like anxiety, tension, depression etc. leads to hormonal imbalances. Practice simple yoga and meditation techniques regularly to clear off your toxins and to keep your mind calm.
Do not postpone menstruation
Menstruation is the natural cleansing process of the feminine body that is designed to eliminate unwanted debris from the uterus. This physiological process is regulated by the reproductive hormones and occurs on every 28 days in a cyclic manner. Endometrial lining of the uterus grows gradually after every menstruation to cushion the fertilized ovum .When the ovum has not met with the sperm; the grownup endometrium sheds off to clean the uterus through menstrual blood. Voluntary delaying of menstruation by using hormonal pills stops endometrial shedding temporarily and causes overgrowth of endometrium. This may change the harmony between the hormones and alters the monthly cycle. Hence try to avoid using delaying pills and oral contraceptives which may cause serious effects in the long run.
Practice hygienic sex
Unhygienic sex is one of the chief causes of gynecological diseases. Bacterial and fungal infections of the partner get transmitted through vagina and leading to white discharge, itching and foul smelling. Dreadful pathogens like HIV and Papilloma virus causing cervical cancer distresses the women through unsafe and unhygienic sex. To avoid these conditions both the partners should have awareness about these organisms and keep their mind open to have required treatment if necessary.
Care for your vagina
Vagina is the tubular structure that gives access to the uterus and gives way to the childbirth. Vagina secretes few drops of mucous for lubrication and it maintains acidic pH to prevent entry of microorganism. Mucous secretion falls generally during ageing causes dryness and increases the chance of microbial infections. Changes in the vagina such as dryness, pain, itching and foul smelling discharge indicates the abnormal pH and vaginal infection which may ascend to the uterus. Hence checking the vagina for said symptoms is necessary for every woman to protect them from vaginal diseases.
Visit your gynecologist periodically
Woman of 30 yrs and above should involve themselves to be screened periodically. Lab Test, Ultra sonogram and Pap smear test which may be prescribed by your Gynecologist will help to rule out the abnormalities in early stages.